Introduction to the Asilidae Fauna (Insecta: Diptera) of Fars Province, Iran

Introduction
Robber flies (Diptera: Asilidae) belong to the lower
Brachycerous Diptera and are distributed world-wide with
more than 7000 species. They are distributed in 11
subfamilies and 528 genera (Geller-Grimm, 2003, 2005).
Both adults and larvae of robber flies are predators,
feeding on various arthropods, mainly insects, and are
important agents of biological balance in insect
populations (Lehr, 1988; Hayat and Özbek, 1994). The
majority of robber fly species are found in dry, sandy
conditions, as confirmed by the diversity of species found
in such locales. Some species are well adapted to desert
climates, where they are known to thermoregulate in
response to temperature variations throughout the day
(O’Neill et al., 1988; O’Neill and Shelly, 1990).
There have been few systematic studies of the Iranian
Asilidae, none of which has been conducted by researchers
from Iran. The first published records of Iranian asilids
were those of Portschinsky (1873), who described 2 new
species. This was followed by papers by Bigot (1880) and
Hermann (1905), who reported on new and little known
species from Persia. As a result of the Persian expeditions
187
Introduction to the Asilidae Fauna (Insecta: Diptera) of Fars
Province, Iran
Nazila SAGHAEI1,4,*, Hadi OSTOVAN2, Mahmoud SHOJAEI1, Rüstem HAYAT3
1
Department of Entomology, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran - IRAN
2
Department of Entomology, Islamic Azad University, Fars Science and Research Branch - IRAN
3
Ardahan University, 75100 Ardahan - TURKEY
4
Department of Plant Protection, Islamic Azad University, Marvdasht Branch - IRAN
Received: 14.07.2008
Abstract: Fars province in the south of Iran was surveyed for Asilidae (Insecta: Diptera) during 2006–2007. Twenty six species,
belonging to 19 genera and 7 subfamilies: Apocleinae (5 species), Asilinae (7 species), Dasypogoninae (2 species), Laphriinae (2
species), Laphystiinae (1 species), Leptogastrinae (1 species) and Stenopogoninae (8 species), were recorded. Of these, 5 species are
new to the fauna of Iran. Additionally 2 subfamilies, 10 genera, and 22 species were recorded for the first time from Fars province.
Distributional data for each species are included.
Key Words: Diptera, Asilidae, fauna, Fars province, Iran
İran’ın Fars İli’nin Asilidae (Insecta; Diptera) Faunası
Özet: İran’ın güneyinde yer alan Fars İli’nde Asilidae faunasını belirlemek amacıyla 2006-2007 yıllarında arazi çalışması yapıldı.
Apocleinae (5 tür), Asilinae (7 tür), Dasypogoninae (2 tür), Laphriinae (2 tür), Laphystiinae (1 tür), Leptogastrinae (1 tür) ve
Stenopogoninae (8 tür) alt familyalarından toplam 19 cinse bağlı 26 tür belirlendi. Bu türlerden 5’i İran faunası için yeni kayıt olurken,
iki alt familya, 10 cins ve 22 tür de Fars İli’nden ilk defa kaydedildi. Ayrıca, her türün yayılış bilgileri eklendi.
Anahtar Sözcükler: Diptera, Asilidae, fauna, Fars, İran
* E-mail: nazila_saghaei@yahoo.com
Turk J Zool
33 (2009) 187-200
© TÜBİTAK
doi:10.3906/zoo-0807-16
Research Article
of N.A. Zarudny from 1898 to 1901, additional species
were recorded (Becker and Stein, 1913). Engel (1930)
summarized the known distribution of the Asilidae of the
Palaearctic, recording the species that had been collected
in Iran by then. It was not until the mid-1950s that
interest in the Iranian asilid fauna was rekindled by
Timon-David (1955), who erected a new genus,
Iranopogon, for a previously undescribed species, which
he named I. brandti. Subsequently, Oldroyd (1958)
produced a list of asilids from Iran, while Janssens (1961)
commented on species occurring in both Iraq and Iran.
Fourteen years later, Abbassian-Lintzen (1964a) made
the first definitive study of Iranian Asilidae and, in a later
paper, she compiled notes on the genus Eremisca
(Abbassian-Lintzen 1964b). While revising the genus
Neomochtherus Osten-Sacken, Tsacas (1968) observed
that some species of that genus had been recorded from
Iran. Theodor (1980), who has produced the most
modern treatment of the Asilidae of the Palestine/Israel
region, noted that some of those species also had been
recorded in Iran. Geller-Grimm and Hradsky (1999) and
Tomasovic (1999, 2002) have recently described
additional new species. Biological notes concerning Iranian
species are very rare and usually consist of habitat or prey
records, such as those provided by Abbassian-Lintzen
(1964a). A record of a dragonfly (Odonata: Libellulidae:
Orthetrum sp.) falling prey to an undetermined asilid
species was published by McLachlan (1903), while a
‘Persian’ asilid [Philonicus albiceps (Meigen, 1820)] was
noted attacking house flies by Ricardo (1920). More
recently, Ghahari et al (2007b) provided a list of Iranian
species that had taken prey.
In recent years some faunistical studies have been
performed on Iranian Asilidae and currently the number
of species of this family recorded in Iran has increased to
about 227 species (Lehr et al., 2007; Ghahari et al.,
2007a; Ghahari et al., 2007b and Hayat et al., 2008).
Two subfamilies, Trigonomiminae and Atomosiinae, are
not present in Iran. Papers by Abbassian-Lintzen (1964a),
Lehr et al. (2007), Ghahari et al. (2007b), and Hayat et
al. (2008) contain a few faunistic records for the Asilidae
of Fars province, but none of the studies focused
specifically on the Asilidae of the area.
Fars province is located in the south of Iran. It is
bordered by the provinces Yazd and Isfahan to the North,
Kerman to the East, Bushehr to the West, Kohgiluyeh
/Boyer-Ahmed to the Northwest and Hormozgan to the
southeast. (Figure). The location of Fars province is
interesting from a biogeographic point of view. The Fars
Introduction to the Asilidae Fauna (Insecta: Diptera) of Fars Province, Iran
188


 


 



    
   
   

 
   
 

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Figure. Map of Iran.
Nature Reserve (GPS coordinates 27°2’-31°4’N, 50°42’-
55°36’E) occupies a surface of about 1,333,000 km2, 12
percent of which is primarily forest with oak and pistachio
species predominating; however, no asilids have as yet
been collected within the confines of the reserve. There
are 3 distinct climatic regions in the Fars province. First,
the mountainous area of the north and northwest has
moderate cold winters and mild summers. Secondly, the
central region has relatively rainy mild winters and hot
dry summers. The third region located in the south and
southeast has moderate winters and very hot summers.
The average temperature of the central region of Shiraz
is 16.8 °C, ranging between 4.7° and 29.2 °C. The
geographical and climatic variation within the province
determines the plant variation. The objectives of this
study were to provide detailed information on the
distribution of this family in Fars province, and to make
an additional contribution to the knowledge of the Iranian
asilid fauna.
Materials and Methods
The asilids were collected at different localities in Fars
province, Iran during 2006-2007. They were captured by
sweep net in flight or when they were landing on the
ground. The specimens are deposited in the insect
collection of the Islamic Azad University, Marvdash
Branch. Identifications were made using published keys of
Engel (1930), Oldroyd (1958), Abbasian-Lintzen (1964a,
b), Tsacas (1968), Theodor (1980), and Lehr (1988).
The taxa were arranged according to Lehr (1988, 1996),
Geller-Grimm (2005), Bosák and Hradsk (2001) and
Hayat et al., 2008.
Results and Discussion
The asilid species collected and identified during this
2-year study period are listed as follows:
Subfamily Apocleinae Papavero, 1973
Apoclea femoralis (Wiedemann, 1828)
Synonyms: Asilus helva Wiedemann, 1828; A. illustris
Schiner, 1867; A. aperta Becker in Becker & Stein, 1909.
Material Examined: Dasht-e Arzhan, 2 April 2007, 1Î.
This is a new record for the fauna of Fars province.
Iranian Records: Baluchestan, Kerman, Khorasan
(Becker and Stein, 1913), Iran (Engel, 1930).
Collection Dates: 4-21 July (Becker and Stein, 1913).
Philodicus ponticus (Bigot, 1880)
Synonymy: Alcimus bimaculatus Becker in Becker &
Stein, 1913.
Material Examined: Sarvestan, 30 April 2006, 4ÎÎ;
Ali Abad, 15 June 2006, 2ÎÎ; Shiraz: Akbar Abad, 16
July 2007, 6ÎÎ; Shiraz: Akbar Abad, 16 May 2007, 4ÎÎ;
Marvdasht: Olia, 15 May 2006, 3ÎÎ; Shiraz: Dokohak 17
June 2007, 2ÎÎ; Marvdasht: Fath Abad, 4 May 2007,
5ÎÎ; Arsanjan, 22 September 2007, 3ÎÎ; Marvdasht:
Dolat Abad 14 May 2007, 4ÎÎ; Marvdasht: Dolat Abad 25
May 2007, 1Â; Marvdasht: Olia, 14 June 2007, 1Â;
Dasht-e Arzhan, 8 July 2007, 2ÂÂ; Shiraz: Khanezenian,
14 May 2006, 1Â. This is a new record for the fauna of
Fars province.
Iranian Records: Baluchestan, Kerman, Khorasan,
Sistan (Becker and Stein, 1913), Baluchestan (Oldroyd,
1958), Iran (Engel, 1930; Theodor, 1980), Golestan,
Gonbad, Guilan, Rasht (Hayat et al., 2008).
Collection Dates: 10 June-20 September (Becker and
Stein, 1913), 28 May-18 June (Oldroyd, 1958), August
2003- July 2004 (Hayat et al., 2008).
Biology: According to Hayat et al. (2008) this species
is apparently a wasp hunter, Vespula germanica
(Fabricius) and Vespa orientalis Linnaeus (Hymenoptera:
Vespidae) were recorded as prey.
Philodicus spectabilis Loew, 1871
Material Examined: Jahrom: Hakan, 12 May 2006,
2ÂÂ. This is a new record for the fauna of Fars province.
Iranian Records: Baluchestan, Makran (Oldroyd,
1958).
Collection Dates: 21 March-22 May (Oldroyd, 1958).
Promachus canus (Wiedemann, 1818)
Synonymy: Asilus tesselatus Pallas in Wiedemann,
1818 (nomen nudum).
Material Examined: Shiraz: Palayeshgah, 13 May
2007, 1Â. This is a new record for the fauna of Fars
province.
N. SAGHAEI, H. OSTOVAN, M. SHOJAEI, R. HAYAT
189
Iranian Records: Iran (Engel, 1930), Ardabil, Moghan
(Hayat et al., 2008).
Collection Date: July 2003 (Hayat et al., 2008).
Biology: Hayat et al. (2008) found this species preying
on Podalonia hirsuta hirsuta (Scopoli, 1763)
(Hymenoptera: Sphecidae). Hayat and Alaoglu (1996a)
and Hayat (1997) recorded Ontophagus sp. (Coleoptera:
Scarabaeoidea), Andrena sp. (Hymenoptera: Andrenidae),
and Apis mellifera Linnaeus (Hymenoptera: Apidae) as
prey. Ozbek and Hayat (1999) noted this species as an A.
mellifera hunter in Turkey.
Promachus leoninus Loew, 1848
Material Examined: Shiraz: Kaftarak, 22 August
2006, 1Â. This is a new record for the fauna of Fars
province.
Iranian Records: Iran (Lehr, 1988), Golestan, Gonbad,
Kerman, Jiroft (Hayat et al., 2008).
Collection Date: February 2003 - November 2004
(Hayat et al., 2008).
Biology: Hayat et al. (2008) found this species preying
on Polistes dominulus (Christ) (Hymenoptera: Vespidae).
Subfamily Asilinae Latreille, 1802
Antiphrisson adpressus (Loew, 1849)
Material Examined: Shiraz: Ab Barik, 21 August
2006, 2ÎÎ. This is a new record for the fauna of Fars
province.
Iranian Record: Khuzestan (Oldroyd, 1958).
Collection Dates: 28 March-6 April (Oldroyd, 1958).
Antiphrisson trifarius (Loew, 1849)
Synonymy: Asilus sareptanus Lichtwardt, 1903; A.
thalhammeri Lichtwardt, 1903.
Material Examined: Dasht-e Arzhan, 11 April 2006,
2ÎÎ; Shiraz: Kian Abad 11 July 2006, 1Â; Firoz Abad, 21
June 2006, 1Î; Kazeron, 2 July 2006, 1Â; Shiraz: Bamu
8 September 2006, 3ÂÂ; Shiraz: Ab Barik 21 August
2006, 2ÂÂ. This is a new record for the fauna of Fars
province.
Iranian Record: Mazandaran, Savadkooh (Hayat et al.,
2008).
Collection Date: July 1999 (Hayat et al., 2008).
Machimus aradensis Theodor, 1980
Material Examined: Shiraz: Maharlu, 5 July 2006, 1Î.
This is a new record for the fauna of Iran and Fars
province.
Distribution outside Iran: Israel.
Machimus idiorrhytmicus Janssens, 1960
Material Examined: Marvdasht: Sidan, 27 June 2006,
1Î; Shiraz: Akbar Abad, 12 June 2007, 1Î; Zarghan, 29
May 2007, 1Â; Fasa: Mian-Jangle, 1 August 2007, 1Â.
This is a new record for the fauna of Iran and Fars
province.
Machimus nahalalensis Theodor, 1980
Material Examined: Shiraz: Quom, 1 September
2006, 1Î; Fasa: Mian-Jangle: 19 August 2007, 2ÎÎ;
Shiraz: Akbar Abad 26 July 2007, 1Â; Shiraz: Daroin 14
July 2007, 2ÂÂ; Shiraz: Maharlu, 12 July 2006, 3ÂÂ;
Marvdasht: Olia, 2 June 2006, 2ÂÂ. This is a new record
for the fauna of Iran and Fars province.
Machimus rusticus (Meigen, 1820)
Synonyms: Asilus genualis Zeller, 1840; A. obscurus
Meigen, 1820.
Material Examined: Arsanjan, 22 September 2007,
1Î. This is a new record for the fauna of Fars province.
Iranian Record: Khorasan, Bojnord (Hayat et al.,
2008).
Collection Date: April 2004 (Hayat et al., 2008).
Biology: Amphicoma sp. (Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea),
Sphaerophoria scripta (Linnaeus) (Diptera: Syrphidae),
and Thymelicus sylvestris Poda (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae)
were determined as prey in Turkey (Hayat & Alaoglu,
1996b; Hayat, 1997).
Satanas gigas (Eversmann, 1855)
Material Examined: Kazeron: Nodan, 15 June 2006,
1Î. This is a new record for the fauna of Fars province.
Iranian Record: Baluchestan, Kerman, Khorasan,
Sistan (Becker and Stein, 1913), Baluchestan (Oldroyd,
1958), Iran (Engel, 1930), Semnan, Damghan (Hayat et
al., 2008).
Collection Dates: 13 May-4 September (Becker and
Stein, 1913), 1-28 May (Oldroyd, 1958), September
2004 (Hayat et al., 2008).
Introduction to the Asilidae Fauna (Insecta: Diptera) of Fars Province, Iran
190
Biology: Hayat et al. (2008) were collected this
species with Podalonia hirsuta hirsuta (Scopoli)
(Hymenoptera: Sphecidae) as prey.
Subfamily Dasypogoninae Macquart, 1838
Dasypogon magisi Tomasovic, 1999
Material Examined: Shiraz: Akbar Abad, 12 June
2007, 7ÎÎ; Zarghan, 29 May 2007, 2ÂÂ; Fasa: MianJangle, 1 August 2007, 2ÂÂ.
Iranian Records: Fars (Tomasovic, 1999).
Collection Dates: 10-15 June (Tomasovic, 1999).
Saropogon distinctus Becker, 1906
Material Examined: Shiraz: Khanezenian, 8 June
2006, 1 . This is a new record for the fauna of Iran and
Fars province.
Subfamily Laphriinae Macquart, 1838
Laphria dizonias Loew, 1847
Material Examined: Shiraz: Akbar Abad, 16 May
2007, 2ÎÎ; Marvdasht: Olia, 15 May 2006, 1Î; Shiraz:
Dokohak 17 June 2007, 4ÎÎ; Marvdasht: Fath Abad, 4
May 2007, 1Î; Zarghan, 28 May 2007, 1Î.
Iranian Records: Fars and Southern Iran (AbbassianLintzen, 1964a).
Collection Dates: 2-9 May (Abbassian-Lintzen,
1964a).
Biology: “Collected around fig trees” (AbbassianLintzen, 1964a).
Stiphrolamyra rubicunda Oldroyd, 1947
Material Examined: Kazeron, 14 June 2006, 1Î. This
is a new record for the fauna of Iran and Fars province.
Subfamily Laphystiinae Hendel, 1936
Laphystia erberi (Schiner, 1865)
Synonymy: Laphyctis arenacea Paramonov, 1930.
Material Examined: Jahrom: Hakan, 13 May 2006,
1Î. This is a new record for the fauna of Fars province.
Iranian Records: Baluchestan, Khuzestan (Oldroyd,
1958).
Collection Dates: 5 March-10 April (Oldroyd, 1958).
Subfamily Leptogastrinae Schiner, 1862
Leptogaster cylindrica (De Geer, 1776)
Synonyms: Asilus tipuloides Fabricius, 1775; A. livida
Geoffroy in Fourcroy, 1785; A. fusca Meigen, 1804; A.
nigricornis Loew, 1847; A. dorsalis Dahlbom, 1851.
Material Examined: Zarghan, 28 May 2007, 1Î;
Marvdasht: Emad Abad, 15 June 2007, 1Â; Dasht-e
Arzhan, 11 April 2007, 1Â. This is a new record for the
fauna of Fars province.
Iranian Records: Iran (Lehr, 1988).
Subfamily Stenopogoninae Hull, 1962
Amphisbetetus favillaceus (Loew in Rosenhauer,
1856)
Material Examined: Jahrom: Hakan, 10 September
2006, 1Â. This is a new record for the fauna of Fars
province.
Iranian Records: Khuzestan (Abbassian-Lintzen,
1964a).
Collection Dates: 14 April-2 June (Abbassian-Lintzen,
1964a).
Biology: Abbassian-Lintzen (1964a) obtained all
specimens in the stony semi-desert hills of N Khuzestan,
where they flew over the ground for very short distances.
Crobilocerus spinosus persianus Geller- Grimm &
Hradsky´, 1999
Material Examined: Shiraz: Akbar Abad, 2 May, 2006,
1Î. This is a new record for the fauna of Fars province.
Iranian Records: Iran (Geller-Grimm & Hradsky,
1999).
Galactopogon hispidus Engel, 1929
Material Examined: Shiraz: Qoum, 12 July 2007, 1Î;
Shiraz: Maharlu, 29 May 2006, 2ÎÎ; Shiraz: Akbar Abad,
13 May 2007, 5ÎÎ; Zarghan: Lapoee, 6 May 2006, 4ÂÂ;
Jahrom: Simakan, 13 May 2006, 1Â; Dasht-e Arzhan, 18
April 2006, 6ÂÂ; Shiraz: Ab Barik, 12 August 2006, 5ÂÂ;
Zarghan, 23 May 2007, 1Â; Jahrom: Simakan, 5
September 2007, 4ÎÎ; Ali Abad, 8 June 2007, 2ÂÂ;
Kazeron, 9 April 2007, 3ÂÂ; Shiraz: Kavar, 17 July
2007, 1Â; Zarghan, 7 May 2006, 4ÂÂ; Marvdasht: Olia,
N. SAGHAEI, H. OSTOVAN, M. SHOJAEI, R. HAYAT
191
10 June 2006, 1Â; Marvdasht: Fath Abad, 27 May 2007,
1Â; Zarghan, 17 April 2007, 1Â.
Iranian Records: Baluchestan, Khuzestan (Oldroyd,
1958), Fars, Khuzestan, SE Iran (Abbassian-Lintzen,
1964a).
Collection Dates: 11-28 March (Oldroyd, 1958), 10
March-10 May (Abbassian-Lintzen, 1964a).
Habropogon decipiens Theodor, 1980
Material Examined: Kazeron: Nodan, 3 July 2006, 1Î;
Shiraz: Palayeshgah, 5 June 2007, 1Î; Kazeron, 7 July
2007; Kazeron, 14 June 2006, 1Â. This is a new record
for the fauna of Fars province.
Iranian Records: Kermanshah, Kermanshah (Hayat et
al., 2008).
Collection Date: September 2000 (Hayat et al.,
2008).
Biology: Hayat et al. (2008) collected this species with
Palmodes occitanicus puncticollis (Kohl) (Hymenoptera:
Sphecidae) as prey.
Heteropogon pyrinus Hermann, 1906
Synonymy: Heteropogon pyrrihinus Engel, 1925.
Material Examined: Shiraz: Palayeshgah, 7 September
2006, 1Î. This is a new record for the fauna of Fars
province.
Iranian Records: Iran (Hermann, 1905; Engel, 1930;
Theodor, 1980).
Pycnopogon mixtus (Loew, 1847)
Synonymy: Dasypogon anthophorinus Loew, 1847
Material Examined: Estahban, 1 August 2007; 1Â
Shiraz: Kaftarak, 14 May 2006, 1Â; Shiraz: Dokohak, 10
August 2007, 1Â; Kazeron, 29 July 2006, 2ÂÂ. This is a
new record for the fauna of Fars province.
Iranian Records: Isfahan, Anarak, Kerman, Kahnooj
(Lehr et al., 2007)
Collection Date: June 2001, September 2001(Lehr et
al., 2007).
Biology: Lehr et al. (2007) recorded Malachius
(Malachius) labiatus Brullé, 1832 (Coleoptera:
Malachiidae) in Anarak and Melanotmethis fuscipennis
(Redtenbacher, 1889) (Orthoptera: Pamphagidae) in
Kerman as prey.
Stenopogon junceus (Wiedemann in Meigen,
1820)
Synonymy: Dasypogon tanygastrus Loew, 1861.
Material Examined: Kohmareh, 5 June 2006, 2ÂÂ;
Shiraz: Bamu, 25 June 2007, 2ÂÂ; Firoz Abad, 29 June
2006, 1Â; Zarghan, 2 April 2007, 2ÂÂ; Shiraz: Kaftarak,
13 May 2007, 1Â; Marvdasht: Fath Abad, 25 May 2007,
1Î; Dasht-e Arzhan, 2 July 2007, 4ÎÎ.
Iranian Records: Azerbaijan, Fars, Khuzestan, NW Iran
(Abbassian-Lintzen, 1964a).
Collection Dates: 17 April-27 August (AbbassianLintzen, 1964a).
Biology: “Several times S. junceus was observed
preying on Migratory Locusts, Schistocerca gregaria
(Forskal)” (Abbassian-Lintzen, 1964a).
Stenopogon sciron (Loew, 1873)
Synonymy: Scleropogon theseus Loew, 1873.
Material Examined: Shiraz: Kaftarak, 2 June 2006,
1Â. This is a new record for the fauna of Fars province.
Iranian Records: Kerman (Abbassian-Lintzen, 1964a),
Iran (Engel, 1930; Theodor, 1980).
Collection Date: 17 June (Abbassian-Lintzen, 1964a).
Discussion
During the course of the 2-year study period, 26
species of Asilidae belonging to 19 genera and 7
subfamilies were collected and identified. Among them, 5
species are considered as new records for Iranian Asilid
fauna. The total number of Asilid species recorded for
Fars province is 47; 2 subfamilies (Apocleinae and
Leptogastrinae), 10 genera (Apoclea Macquart, 1838;
Philodicus Loew, 1847; Promachus Loew, 1848;
Antiphrisson Loew, 1849; Satanas Jacobson, 1908;
Saropogon Loew, 1847; Stiphrolamyra Engel, 1928;
Amphisbetetus Hermann, 1906; Habropogon Loew,
1847 and Pycnopogon Loew, 1847), and 22 species were
added (Table). Fars is a large region incorporating various
biogeographical areas and climates and we expect that a
large number of species remain to be discovered. As it
Introduction to the Asilidae Fauna (Insecta: Diptera) of Fars Province, Iran
192
N. SAGHAEI, H. OSTOVAN, M. SHOJAEI, R. HAYAT
193
Table. List of the Asilidae known from Iran.
No. Species Distribution in Iran (province)/ References
1 Acrochordomerus aeneus Hermann, 1920 Guilan, Khuzestan (Ghahari et al., 2007a)
2 Amathomyia persiana Hermann, 1912 Baluchestan (Becker and Stein, 1913), Iran (Engel, 1930)
3 Amphisbetetus dorsatus Becker in Becker & Stein, 1913 Baluchestan (Becker and Stein, 1913), Iran (Engel, 1930; Theodor, 1980)
4 Amphisbetetus favillaceus (Loew in Rosenhauer, 1856)* Khuzestan (Abbassian-Lintzen, 1964a)
5 Anarolius fronto Loew, 1873 NE Tehran (Abbassian-Lintzen, 1964a) Golestan
6 Anarolius jamshidi Abbassian-Lintzen, 1964 (Ghahari et al., 2007a)
7 Anarolius jubatus Loew, 1844 Tehran (Lehr et al., 2007)
8 Ancylorhynchus argyrogaster (Séguy, 1932) Iran (Lehr, 1988)
9 Ancylorhynchus bicolor (Becker in Becker & Stein, 1913) Iran (Engel, 1930), Khorasan (Becker and Stein, 1913)
10 Ancylorhynchus farinosus (Becker in Becker & Stein, 1913) Baluchestan (Becker and Stein, 1913), Iran (Engel, 1930)
11 Andrenosoma atrum (Linnaeus, 1758) Ardabil (Hayat et al., 2008)
12 Andrenosoma serratum Hermann, 1906 Semnan, Guilan (Ghahari et al., 2007)
13 Aneomochtherus atripes (Oldroyd, 1958) Baluchestan, Kerman (Becker and Stein, 1913), Iran (Engel, 1930)
14 Aneomochtherus hungaricus (Engel, 1927) Iran (Tsacas, 1968)
15 Aneomochtherus mesopotamicus (Janssens, 1961) Iran (Tsacas, 1968)
16 Aneomochtherus mundus (Loew, 1849) Mazandaran, Golestan (Ghahari et al., 2007a), East Azarbayjan (Hayat et
al., 2008)
17 Aneomochtherus perplexus (Becker, 1923) Iran (Tsacas, 1968), Khuzestan (Oldroyd, 1958), Khuzestan, Mazandaran
(Ghahari et al. 2007a), Guilan (Hayat et al., 2008)
18 Aneomochtherus petrishtshevae (Stackelberg, 1937) Iran (Tsacas, 1968)
19 Anisopogon asiaticus Oldroyd, 1963 Mazandaran, Golestan (Ghahari et al., 2007a)
20 Anisopogon hermanni (Engel, 1930) Fars (Lehr et al., 2007)
21 Antipalus truncatus (Loew, 1849) Fars (Lehr et al., 2007)
22 Antiphrisson adpressus (Loew, 1849)* Khuzestan (Oldroyd, 1958)
23 Antiphrisson trifarius (Loew, 1849)* Mazandaran (Hayat et al., 2008)
24 Apoclea albipila Becker in Becker & Stein, 1913 Baluchestan, Iran, (Becker and Stein, 1913; Engel, 1930)
25 Apoclea algira (Linné, 1767) Baluchestan (Oldroyd, 1958)
26 Apoclea continuata Becker in Becker & Stein, 1909 Baluchestan, Iran (Becker and Stein,1913; Engel, 1930)
27 Apoclea femoralis (Wiedemann, 1828)* Baluchestan, Kerman, Khorasan (Becker and Stein, 1913), Iran (Engel,
1930)
28 Apoclea helvipes Loew, 1873 Baluchestan, Kerman, Southern Iran (Becker and Stein, 1913; Oldroyd,
1958)
29 Apoclea micracantha Loew, 1856 Iran (Engel, 1930), Mazandaran (Ghahari et al.; 2007a), Isfahan (Ghahari
et al., 2007a; Hayat et al.,2008)
30 Apoclea plurisetosa Becker in Becker & Stein, 1909 Baluchestan, Sistan (Becker and Stein, 1913), Iran (Engel, 1930)
31 Apoclea trivialis Loew, 1873 Khorasan (Becker and Stein, 1913)
32 Asiloephesus excisus (Loew, 1848) Khorasan (Becker and Stein, 1913)
33 Asilus barbarus Linnaeus, 1758 Khuzestan (Hayat et al., 2008)
34 Asilus crabroniformis Linnaeus, 1758 Semnan (Hayat et al., 2008)
35 Asilus lucidus Pallas in Wiedemann, 1818 Kordestan (Hayat et al., 2008)
36 Astochia caspica Hermann, 1917 Iran (Lehr, 1988)
37 Astochia metatarsata Becker in Becker & Stein, 1913 Baluchestan, Kerman (Becker and Stein, 1913), Baluchestan (Oldroyd,
1958), Iran (Engel,1930)
38 Astochia sodalist (Wulp, 1899) Iran (Abbassian-Lintzen, 1964a)
39 Cerdistus denticulatus (Loew, 1849) Isfahan (Lehr et al., 2007)
Introduction to the Asilidae Fauna (Insecta: Diptera) of Fars Province, Iran
194
Table. Continued.
No. Species Distribution in Iran (province)/ References
40 Cerdistus manii Schiner, 1867 Mazandaran (Lehr et al., 2007)
41 Choerades fimbriata (Meigen, 1820) Ardabil (Hayat et al., 2008)
42 Choerades gilva (Linnaeus, 1758) Mazandaran, Guilan (Ghahari et al. 2007a), Kermanshah (Hayat et al.,
2008)
43 Choerades loewi Lehr, 1991 Yazd (Ghahari et al., 2007b)
44 Choerades marginata (Linnaeus, 1758) East Azarbaijan (Hayat et al., 2008)
45 Choerades ursula (Loew, 1851) Khorasan, Kerman, Isfahan (Ghahari et al., 2007b)
46 Crobilocerus megilliformis (Loew, 1847) Fars, Tehran (Abbassian-Lintzen, 1964a)
47 Crobilocerus spinosus persianus Geller-Grimm & Isfahan (Geller-Grimm and Hradsky,1999)
Hradsky, 1999*
48 Ctenota coerulea (Becker in Becker & Stein, 1913) Khorasan (Becker and Stein, 1913), Iran (Engel, 1930)
49 Ctenota molitrix Loew, 1873 Baluchestan (Becker and Stein,1913), Khuzestan and SW Iran (Abbassian
Lintzen,1964a), Iran (Engel, 1930; Theodor, 1980)
50 Cyrtopogon centralis Loew, 1871 Isfahan, Guilan (Ghahari et al., 2007a)
51 Dasypogon diadema (Fabricius, 1781) Azerbaijan, Fars, Khuzestan and N Iran (Abbassian-Lintzen, 1964a), Iran
(Theodor, 1980)
52 Dasypogon irinelae Weinberg, 1986 West Azarbaijan (Hayat et al., 2008)
53 Dasypogon magisi Tomasovic, 1999* Fars (Tomasovic, 1999)
54 Dasypogon octonotatus Loew, 1869 Mazandaran, Khuzestan (Ghahari et al., 2007a) East Azerbaijan (Hayat et
al., 2008)
55 Didysmachus picipes (Meigen, 1820) Fars, Yazd (Lehr et al., 2007)
56 Dioctria abdominalis Becker, 1923 Isfahan (Lehr et al., 2007)
57 Dioctria atricapilla Meigen, 1804 Golestan (Lehr et al., 2007)
58 Dioctria dispar Loew, 1871 Guilan (Hayat et al., 2008)
59 Dioctria flavipennis Meigen, 1820 Isfahan (Ghahari et al., 2007a), Mazandaran (Ghahari et al., 2007a; Hayat
et al., 2008)
60 Dioctria gracilis Meigen, 1820 Southern Khorasan (Hayat et al., 2008)
61 Dioctria hyalipennis (Fabricius, 1794) Sistan and Baluchestan (Hayat et al., 2008)
62 Dioctria linearis (Fabricius, 1787) Guilan (Hayat et al., 2008)
63 Dioctria lugens Loew, 1873 Iran (Lehr, 1988)
64 Dioctria rufonigra Theodor, 1980 Mazandaran (Lehr et al., 2007)
65 Dioctria striata Theodor, 1980 Fars (Lehr et al., 2007)
66 Dioctria valida Loew, 1856 Isfahan (Lehr et al., 2007)
67 Dysmachus bifurcus (Loew, 1848) Mazandaran (Lehr et al., 2007)
68 Dysmachus bilobus Loew, 1871 Golestan (Lehr et al., 2007)
69 Dysmachus bimucronatus (Loew, 1854) Golestan (Lehr et al., 2007)
70 Dysmachus cephalenus Loew, 1871 Fars (Lehr et al., 2007)
71 Dysmachus dasyproctus Loew, 1871 Isfahan (Lehr et al., 2007)
72 Dysmachus fuscipennis (Meigen, 1820) Isfahan (Lehr et al., 2007)
73 Dysmachus praemorsus (Loew, 1854) Fars (Lehr et al., 2007)
74 Dysmachus setiger (Loew, 1848) Tehran (Lehr et al., 2007)
75 Dysmachus stylifer (Loew, 1854) Golestan (Lehr et al., 2007)
76 Dysmachus tricuspis (Loew, 1848) Isfahan (Lehr et al. 2007)
77 Eccoptopus longitarsis (Macquart, 1838) Iran (Theodor, 1980)
78 Echthistus rufinervis (Meigen, 1820) Fars (Lehr et al., 2007)
N. SAGHAEI, H. OSTOVAN, M. SHOJAEI, R. HAYAT
195
Table. Continued.
No. Species Distribution in Iran (province)/ References
79 Engelepogon antiochienensis (Tsacas, 1964) Mazandaran (Lehr et al.,. 2007)
80 Engelepogon brunnipes (Fabricius, 1794) Kordestan (Hayat et al., 2008)
81 Engelepogon cingulifer (Becker in Becker & Stein, 1913) Baluchestan, Khorasan (Becker and Stein, 1913), Iran (Engel, 1930)
82 Erax grootaerti Tomasovic, 2002 Fars (Tomasovic, 2002)
83 Erebunus farinosus (Becker in Becker & Stein, 1913) Khorasan (Becker and Stein, 1913)
84 Eremisca heleni heleni (Efflatoun, 1934) Southern Iran: Gulf of Oman; Siahu, Bander-Abbas (Abbassian-Lintzen,
1964b), Iran (Theodor, 1980)
85 Eremisca shahgudiani Abbassian-Lintzen, 1964 Khuzestan, SE Iran (Abbassian-Lintzen, 1964b)
86 Eriopogon laniger (Meigen, 1804) Baluchestan (Becker and Stein, 1913)
87 Esatanas shah (Rondani, 1873) Iran (Engel, 1930)
88 Euscelidia pallasii (Wiedemann, 1818) Markazi (Hayat et al., 2008)
89 Eutolmus calopus (Loew, 1848) Golestan (Lehr et al., 2007)
90 Eutolmus fascialis (Loew, 1848) Tehran (Lehr et al., 2007)
91 Eutolmus mordax (Loew, 1848) Fars (Lehr et al., 2007)
92 Eutolmus parricida (Loew, 1848) Mazandaran (Hayat et al., 2008)
93 Galactopogon hispidus Engel, 1929* Baluchestan, Khuzestan (Oldroyd, 1958), Fars, Khuzestan, SE Iran
(Abbassian-Lintzen, 1964a)
94 Glyphotriclis impulvinatus Oldroyd, 1958 Baluchestan (Oldroyd, 1958), Khuzestan (Abbassian-Lintzen, 1964a)
95 Habropogon decipiens Theodor, 1980* Kermanshah (Hayat et al., 2008)
96 Habropogon doriae Rondani, 1873 Iran (Engel, 1930)
97 Habropogon lineatus Lehr, 1960 East Azerbaijan Iran (Lehr, 1988)
98 Habropogon longiventris Loew, 1847 Tehran (Abbassian-Lintzen, 1964a). Sistan and Baluchestan (Hayat et al.,
2008)
99 Habropogon montanus Lehr, 1960 Khuzestan (Abbassian-Lintzen, 1964a)
100 Habropogon similimus Theodor, 1980 Golestan (Lehr et al., 2007)
101 Habropogon verticalis Becker in Becker & Stein, 1913 Baluchestan (Becker and Stein, 1913)
102 Heteropogon lehri Richter, 1968 Mazandaran (Lehr et al. 2007)
103 Heteropogon lugubris mesasiaticus Lehr, 1970 Iran (Lehr, 1988)
104 Heteropogon nubilus (Wiedemann in Meigen, 1820) Fars (Lehr et al. 2007)
105 Heteropogon pyrinus Hermann, 1906* Iran (Hermann, 1905; Engel, 1930; Theodor, 1980)
106 Heteropogon scoparius Loew, 1847 Chahar-Mahal and Bakhtiari (Lehr et al., 2007)
107 Heteropogon succinctus Loew, 1847 Isfahan (Lehr et al., 2007)
108 Hippomachus iranensis Londt, 1985 Baluchestan (Londt, 1985)
109 Holopogon dimidiatus (Meigen, 1820) Golestan (Hayat et al., 2008)
110 Holopogon imbecillus Loew, 1871 Iran, Ob Ali bei Tehran (Oldroyd, 1958)
111 Holopogon nigripennis (Meigen, 1820) Khorasan (Becker and Stein, 1913)
112 Holopogon nigropilosus Theodor, 1980 Chahar-Mahal and Bakhtiari (Lehr et al., 2007)
113 Iranopogon brandti Timon-David, 1955 Iran (Timon-David, 1955)
114 Jothopogon leucomallus (Loew, 1871) Baluchestan (Becker and Stein, 1913), Iran (Theodor, 1980)
115 Laphria aurea (Fabricius, 1794) Mazandaran, Semnan, Qom (Ghahari et al., 2007)
116 Laphria dizonias Loew, 1847* Fars and Southern Iran (Abbassian-Lintzen, 1964a)
117 Laphria flava (Linnaeus, 1761) Mazandaran (Hayat et al., 2008)
118 Laphria gibbosa (Linnaeus, 1758) Khorasan, Yazd (Ghahari et al., 2007b)
119 Laphystia dimidiate Oldroyd, 1958 Khuzestan (Oldroyd, 1958)
120 Laphystia erberi (Schiner, 1865)* Baluchestan, Khuzestan (Oldroyd, 1958)
Introduction to the Asilidae Fauna (Insecta: Diptera) of Fars Province, Iran
196
Table. Continued.
No. Species Distribution in Iran (province)/ References
121 Laphystia latiuscula Loew, 1871 Fars (Abbassian-Lintzen, 1964a)
122 Laphystia lehri Abbassian-Lintzen, 1964 Khuzestan (Abbassian-Lintzen, 1964a)
123 Laphystia sabulicola Loew, 1847 Fars, Isfahan (Ghahari et al., 2007)
124 Leptarthrus brevirostris (Meigen, 1804) Mazandaran, Golestan (Ghahari et al., 2007b)
125 Leptogaster calceata Engel, 1925 Kordestan, Ilam (Ghahari et al., 2007b)
126 Leptogaster cylindrica (De Geer, 1776)* Iran (Lehr, 1988)
127 Leptogaster cylindrica hispanica Meigen, 1838 Iran (Lehr, 1988)
128 Leptogaster gracilis Loew, 1847 Baluchestan (Oldroyd, 1958)
129 Leptogaster guttiventris Zetterstedt, 1842 Golestan (Hayat et al., 2008)
130 Leptogaster nartshukae Lehr, 1961 Iran (Lehr, 1988)
131 Leptogaster pubicornis Loew, 1847 Golestan (Hayat et al., 2008)
132 Loewinella virescens (Loew, 1871) Khuzestan (Oldroyd, 1958)
133 Machimus annulipes (Brullé, 1832) Guilan, Mazandaran (Ghahari et al. 2007a), Kermanshah, Semnan (Hayat
et al. 2008)
134 Machimus aradensis Theodor, 1980* New record from Iran
135 Machimus armipes Becker in Becker & Stein, 1913 Baluchestan, Kerman (Becker and Stein, 1913), Iran (Engel, 1930),
Mazandaran, Golestan (Ghahari et al., 2007a)
136 Machimus elegans (Loew, 1849) Isfahan (Lehr et al., 2007)
137 Machimus gratiosus Loew, 1871 Chahar-Mahal and Bakhtia (Lehr et al., 2007)
138 Machimus idiorrhytmicus Janssens, 1960* New record from Iran
139 Machimus modestus (Loew, 1849) Golestan (Lehr et al., 2007)
140 Machimus nahalalensis Theodor, 1980* New record from Iran
141 Machimus nevadensis (Strobl in Czerny & Strobl, 1909) Yazd (Hayat et al., 2008)
142 Machimus rudis Becker, 1923 Fars, Yazd (Lehr et al., 2007)
143 Machimus rusticus (Meigen, 1820)* Mazandaran, Isfahan (Ghahari et al., 2007a), Khorasan (Hayat et al., 2008)
144 Machimus setibarbus (Loew, 1849) Isfahan (Lehr et al., 2007)
145 Machimus thoracius (Loew, 1849) Baluchestan, Kerman (Becker and Stein, 1913). Khuzestan, Mazandaran
(Ghahari et al., 2007a)
146 Machiremisca decipiens (Wiedemann in Meigen, 1820) Isfahan (Hayat et al., 2008)
147 Molobratia egregia (Loew, 1869) Fars (Lehr et al., 2007)
148 Molobratia teutonus (Linné, 1767) Chahar-Mahal & Bakhtiari (Lehr et al., 2007), Isfahan (Hayat et al., 2008)
149 Neoitamus cyanurus (Loew, 1849) Mazandaran (Hayat et al., 2008)
150 Neoitamus senectus Richter, 1963 West Azerbaijan (Hayat et al., 2008)
151 Neolophonotus pegasus (Loew, 1858) Baluchestan (Oldroyd, 1958)
152 Nusa infumata (Loew, 1851) Tehran (Abbassian-Lintzen, 1964a), Iran (Theodor, 1980)
153 Nusa puella (Rondani, 1873) Iran (Lehr, 1988)
154 Nusa ramicosa (Loew, 1871) Baluchestan, Kerman (Becker and Stein, 1913), Baluchestan (Oldroyd,
1958), Khuzestan (Abbassian-Lintzen, 1964a)
155 Oldroydiana calceatus (Oldroyd, 1958) Khuzestan (Oldroyd, 1958)
156 Ommatius stackelbergi (Richter, 1960) Semnan, Tehran (Ghahari et al., 2007)
157 Ommatius tenellus Wulp, 1889 Baluchestan (Oldroyd, 1958)
158 Paraphamartania syriaca (Schiner, 1867) Tehran, Semnan (Ghahari et al., 2007b)
159 Perasis sussianae Abbassian-Lintzen, 1964 Khuzestan (Abbassian-Lintzen, 1964a)
N. SAGHAEI, H. OSTOVAN, M. SHOJAEI, R. HAYAT
197
Table. Continued.
No. Species Distribution in Iran (province)/ References
160 Philodicus ponticus (Bigot, 1880)* Baluchestan, Kerman, Khorasan, Sistan (Becker and Stein, 1913),
Baluchestan (Oldroyd, 1958), Iran (Engel, 1930; Theodor, 1980)
Mazandaran, Khuzestan, (Ghahari et al., 2007a) Golestan (Hayat et al.,
2008)
161 Philodicus spectabilis Loew, 1871* Baluchestan (Oldroyd, 1958)
162 Philonicus albiceps (Meigen, 1820) Guilan, Northern Iran (Ricardo, 1920), Mazandaran (Ghahari et al., 2007a),
Kordestan (Hayat et al., 2008)
163 Pogonosoma maroccanum (Fabricius, 1794) Mazandaran, Semnan (Ghahari et al., 2007b)
164 Polyphonius laevigatus Loew, 1848 Khuzestan (Oldroyd, 1958)
165 Polysarca ungulate (Wiedemann, 1818) Guilan (Ghahari et al., 2007a)
166 Promachus canus (Wiedemann, 1818)* Mazandaran, Guilan (Ghahari et al., 2007a), Ardabil (Hayat et al., 2008)
167 Promachus canus leontochlaenus Loew, 1871 Khorasan (Becker and Stein, 1913), Khuzestan, Isfahan (Hayat et al.,
2008)
168 Promachus griseiventris Becker in Becker & Stein, 1913 Baluchestan, Kerman (Becker and Stein, 1913), Baluchestan (Oldroyd,
1958), Iran (Engel, 1930; Theodor, 1980)
169 Promachus leoninus Loew, 1848* Iran (Lehr, 1988). Isfahan, Mazandaran (Ghahari et al., 2007a), Golestan,
Kerman (Hayat et al., 2008)
170 Promachus microlabis Loew, 1857 Isfahan (Ghahari et al., 2007b)
171 Promachus rectangularis Loew, 1854 Baluchestan, Kerman (Becker and Stein, 1913), Iran (Engel, 1930)
172 Psilocurus hypopygialis (Paramonov, 1930) Khuzestan (Oldroyd, 1958; Abbassian-Lintzen, 1964a)
173 Pycnopogon fasciculatus (Loew, 1847) Golestan, Mazandaran (Lehr et al., 2007)
174 Pycnopogon hirsutus Becker in Becker & Stein, 1913 Baluchestan (Becker and Stein, 1913)
175 Pycnopogon leucostomus Engel, 1930 Mazandaran (Lehr et al., 2007)
176 Pycnopogon melanostomus Loew, 1874 Khuzestan (Abbassian-Lintzen, 1964a), Mazandaran (Hayat et al., 2008)
177 Pycnopogon mixtus (Loew, 1847)* Isfahan, Keman (Lehr et al., 2007)
178 Reminasus ephippium (Macquart, 1855) Sistan (Becker and Stein, 1913)
179 Rhabdogaster cinerascens (Wulp, 1899) Kerman (Oldroyd, 1958)
180 Rhadinus megalonix Loew, 1856 Khuzestan (Oldroyd, 1958), Khuzestan (Abbassian-Lintzen, 1964a)
181 Saropogon alternatus Loew, 1873 Baluchestan (Oldroyd, 1958), Azerbaijan (Abbassian-Lintzen, 1964a)
182 Saropogon bijani Abbassian-Lintzen, 1964 Khuzestan (Abbassian-Lintzen, 1964a)
183 Saropogon clauses Becker, 1906 Baluchestan, Khorasan (Becker and Stein, 1913)
184 Saropogon distinctus Becker, 1906* New record from Iran
185 Saropogon fucatus Loew, 1869 Baluchestan (Becker and Stein, 1913)
186 Saropogon gigas Becker in Becker & Stein, 1913 Baluchestan, Kerman (Becker and Stein, 1913)
187 Saropogon jugulum (Loew, 1847) Khuzestan (Oldroyd, 1958, Abbassian-Lintzen, 1964a)
188 Saropogon longicornis (Macquart, 1838) Baluchestan (Becker and Stein, 1913; Theodor, 1980), Sistan and
Khorasan (Becker and Stein, 1913), Tehran (Abbassian-Lintzen, 1964a),
Iran (Engel, 1930), Mazandaran, Golestan (Ghahari et al., 2007a)
189 Saropogon luctuosus (Wiedemann in Meigen, 1820) East Azarbaijan (Hayat et al., 2008)
190 Saropogon mofidii Abbassian-Lintzen, 1964 Khuzestan (Abbassian-Lintzen, 1964a)
191 Saropogon platynotus (Loew, 1847) Mazandaran, Golestan (Ghahari et al., 2007b)
192 Saropogon pollinosus Loew, 1869 Isfahan, Tehran (Ghahari et al., 2007)
193 Saropogon vestitus (Wiedemann, 1828) Baluchestan (Becker and Stein, 1913), Iran (Theodor, 1980)
194 Satanas gigas (Eversmann, 1855)* Baluchestan, Kerman, Khorasan, Sistan (Becker and Stein, 1913),
Baluchestan (Oldroyd, 1958), Iran (Engel, 1930), Mazandaran (Ghahari et
al., 2007a), Semnan (Hayat et al., 2008)
Introduction to the Asilidae Fauna (Insecta: Diptera) of Fars Province, Iran
198
Table. Continued.
No. Species Distribution in Iran (province)/ References
195 Scylaticus elamiensis Abbassian-Lintzen, 1964 Khuzestan (Abbassian-Lintzen, 1964a)
196 Scytomedes haemorrhoidalis (Fabricius, 1794) West Azerbaijan (Hayat et al., 2008)
197 Stenopogon avus (Loew, 1874) NE Iran, NE Khorasan (Abbassian-Lintzen, 1964a), Iran (Engel, 1930)
198 Stenopogon callosus (Pallas in Wiedemann, 1818) Fars (Lehr et al., 2007)
199 Stenopogon coracinus (Loew, 1847) Golestan (Lehr et al., 2007)
200 Stenopogon elongates (Meigen, 1804) Iran (Lehr, 1988)
201 Stenopogon heteroneurus (Macquart, 1838) Baluchestan (Becker and Stein, 1913), Fars (Abbassian-Lintzen, 1964a)
202 Stenopogon junceus (Wiedemann in Meigen, 1820)* Azerbaijan, Fars, Khuzestan, NWIran (Abbassian-Lintzen, 1964a)
Mazandran (Ghahari et al., 2007a)
203 Stenopogon laevigatus (Loew, 1851) Fars (Abbassian-Lintzen, 1964a), Golestan (Hayat et al., 2008)
204 Stenopogon mollis Loew, 1868 Tehran (Lehr et al., 2007)
205 Stenopogon nataliae Richter, 1963 Mazandaran, Golestan (Lehr et al., 2007)
206 Stenopogon nigriventris Loew, 1868 Golestan (Hayat et al., 2008)
207 Stenopogon roederii Bezzi, 1895 Mazandaran (Ghahari et al., 2007a)
208 Stenopogon rufipilus (Loew, 1873) Northern Khorasan (Abbassian-Lintzen, 1964a), Iran (Engel, 1930)
209 Stenopogon sabaudus harpax Loew, 1868 Kurdestan, Western Iran (Abbassian-Lintzen, 1964a)
210 Stenopogon sciron (Loew, 1873)* Kerman (Abbassian-Lintzen, 1964a), Iran (Engel, 1930; Theodor, 1980)
211 Stenopogon sciron superbus (Portschinsky, 1873) Baluchestan (Oldroyd, 1958), Iran(Engel, 1930)
212 Stenopogon strataegus strataegus Gerstaecker, 1862 Fars (Lehr et al., 2007)
213 Stenopogon xanthotrichus (Brullé, 1832) Isfahan (Lehr et al., 2007)
214 Stichopogon albellus Loew, 1856 Baluchestan (Oldroyd, 1958), Khuzestan (Abbassian-Lintzen, 1964a)
215 Stichopogon auritinctus Abbassian-Lintzen, 1964 Azerbaijan (Abbassian-Lintzen, 1964a)
216 Stichopogon caucasicus Bezzi, 1910 Baluchestan, Kerman (Oldroyd, 1958), Azerbaijan (Abbassian-Lintzen,
1964a)
217 Stichopogon chrysostoma Schiner, 1867 Khorasan (Becker and Stein, 1913), Tehran (Abbassian-Lintzen, 1964a)
218 Stichopogon elegantulus elegantulus Golestan, Sistan & Baluchestan, East Azarbayjan (Ghahari et al., 2007b)
(Wiedemann in Meigen, 1820)
219 Stichopogon scaliger conjungens Bezzi, 1910 Azerbaijan (Abbassian-Lintzen, 1964a), Baluchestan and Kerman (Becker
and Stein, 1913), Guilan (Ghahari et al., 2007a)
220 Stichopogon schineri Koch, 1872 Baluchestan (Oldroyd, 1958)
221 Stiphrolamyra pleskei (Becker in Becker & Stein, 1913) Baluchestan, Kerman (Becker and Stein, 1913), Iran (Engel, 1930)
222 Stiphrolamyra rubicunda Oldroyd, 1947* New record from Iran
223 Tolmerus cingulatus (Fabricius, 1781) Khorasan (Becker and Stein, 1913), Iran (Engel, 1930)
224 Tolmerus facialis Becker in Becker & Stein, 1913 Baluchestan (Becker and Stein, 1913)
225 Tolmerus tivonensis Theodor, 1980 Golestan (Ghahari et al., 2007b)
226 Trichardis leucocomus (Wulp, 1899) Khuzestan (Oldroyd, 1958); Abbassian-Lintzen, 1964a), Iran (Theodor,
1980)
227 Trichardopsis richteri Oldroyd, 1958 Southern Iran (Oldroyd, 1958), Khuzestan (Abbassian-Lintzen, 1964a)
228 Trichomachimus klapperichi Moucha & Hradsk , 1964 Golestan (Ghahari et al., 2007a)
229 Trichomachimus oldroydi Moucha & Hradsk , 1964 Guilan (Ghahari et al., 2007a)
230 Triclis olivaceus (Loew, 1851) Iran (Theodor, 1980)
231 Turkiella cervinus (Loew, 1856) Iran (Becker and Stein, 1913; Engel, 1930)
232 Udenopogon inscriptus Becker in Becker & Stein, 1913 Baluchestan and Kerman (Becker and Stein, 1913), Iran (Engel, 1930)
*= record in the present study from Fars.
seems that Asilid species in Iran are important predators
of other insects (Lehr et al., 2007; Hayat et al., 2008),
further study of their occurrence and biology, especially
prey specificity, should be encouraged.
Acknowledgments
The first author thanks Dr. Majid Fallahzadeh,
Department of Entomology, Islamic Azad University,
Jahrom Branch, Iran, for his invaluable aid during this
research.
N. SAGHAEI, H. OSTOVAN, M. SHOJAEI, R. HAYAT
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